High or Low Blood Pressure – Nigerians are you sure you’re healthy?
Nigerians! Do you know you BP? When last did you check it? High or Low BP means death is near if not check. Check out what normal BP is and all information you need to maintain normal BP
Blood Pressure (BP) is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the wall of blood vessels.
BP usually refers to the arterial pressure in the systemic circulation. It is usually measured at a person’s upper arm.
Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of systolic (maximum) pressure over diastolic (minimum) pressure and measure in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
Blood pressure varies depending on situation, activity, and disease states. Blood pressure that is low due to a disease state is called hypotension, and pressure that is consistently high is called hypertension.
Blood Pressuring measurement can be an important skill not only for health workers but also for individual.
It very essential for the following sets of people to be checking their BP at least twice a week:
- Pregnant women.
- Mothers before and during childbirth.
- A person who may be losing a lot of blood from any part of the body, inside or outside.
- A person who may be in shock, including allergic shock.
- People above 40 years of age.
- Fat and obsessed people.
- Anyone with signs of heart problem, stroke, difficult breathing, frequent headache, swelling, diabetes, chronic urinary problems or swollen/painful veins.
- Persons known to have high blood pressure.
- Women planning to take or already taking family planning pills.
Unlike before now when instrument (like blood pressure cuff with gauge and mercury sphygmomanometer) used for measuring blood pressure required special skill, digital Blood Pressure Monitor/Sphygmomanometer has made the act so simple. All you need is knowing what the numbers on the top and the bottom one are saying.
The Adult Blood Pressure Chart above tells you in a very simple way, everything you need to know about the numbers. Normal BP falls within the green region. Therefore for normal BP, the vertical side – Systolic is the top number and must be between 90 and 120 and the horizontal side – Diastolic is the bottom number and must be between 60 and 80.
When you record your BP, always write both the top and bottom pressure readings. So for normal adult BP of “120 over 80”, write it like this:
It is usually the bottom number that tells us about a person’s health. For example, if a person’s blood pressure is 140/85, there is not much need for concern. But if it is 135/110, he/she has serious BP and should lose weight if he/she is fat or get treatment.
A bottom number of over 100 usually means the blood pressure is high enough to require attention.
Normal blood pressure for an adult is usually around 120/80, but anything from 100/60 to 140/90 can be considered normal.
If a person regularly has low blood pressure, there is no need to worry. In fact, blood pressure on the low side of normal, 90/60 to 110/70. Mean a person is likely to live long and is less likely to suffer from heart trouble or stroke.
A sudden drop in BP is a danger sign, especially if it falls below 60/40. This is common to those who are losing blood or at risk of shock.